The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959 (Employment Exchange Act), provides for compulsory notification of vacancies to employment exchanges. It applies to all establishments in the public sector and to such establishments in the private sector as may be notified by the appropriate government from time to time.14
The Apprentices Act, 1961 (Apprentices Act)15 aims to provide practical training to technically qualified persons in various trades. The objective is the promotion of new and skilled manpower. The scheme is also extended to engineers and diploma-holders. The Apprentices Act requires employers to hire apprentices in certain designatedtrades as notified by the government. The Apprentices Act specifies the obligations of employers and apprentices, the standard of education/physical fitness, duration of the training, terms, and conditions of the contract, payment, health, safety, welfare, working hours, etc. The Apprentices Act makes it obligatory for employers to engage apprentices in ’designated trades’ and ’optional trades’ for all employers who have a workforce of 30 employees or above (sum of total regular and contract employees), across the manufacturing, services, trading sectors, etc.