A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is an alternative corporate business form that gives the benefits of limited liability of a company and the flexibility of a partnership. It is governed by the provisions of the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008, and not the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.
An LLP can continue its existence irrespective of changes in partners. It is capable of entering into contracts and holding property in its own name. It is a separate legal entity and is liable to the full extent of its assets, but the liability of the partners is limited to their agreed contribution in the LLP. Furthermore, no partner is responsible for the independent or unauthorized actions of other partners. Thus, individual partners are shielded from the joint liability created by another partner’s wrongful business decisions or misconduct. Mutual rights and duties of the partners within an LLP are governed by an agreement between the partners or between the partners and the LLP, as the case may be.
An LLP, however, is not relieved of the liability for its other obligations as a separate entity. Also, an LLP will have more flexibility and lesser compliance requirements compared to a company14.
FDI is permitted under the automatic route in LLPs operating in sectors/activities where 100% FDI is allowed through the automatic route, and there are no FDI-linked performance conditions. An Indian company or an LLP having foreign investments is also permitted to make downstream investments in another company or LLP in sectors in which 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route, and there are no FDI-linked performance conditions. FDI in LLPs is subject to the compliance of the conditions of the LLP Act, 200815.